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Optimisation d’hétéro-structures à multipuits quantiques InGaN sur sous-couche InGaN pour diodes electroluminescentes émettant dans le domaine spectral bleu-vert

Abstract : GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have already been commercialized for solid-state lighting, since the InGaN/GaN-based multi-quantum-well (MQW) of LEDs can be designed to produce light in the entire visible spectral range. To obtain white LED, phosphor-based down-conversion results in low efficiency due to Stokes loss and also can yield low colour rendering index (CRI). Hence, for highly efficient and with high CRI white light, generation of white light by monolithic red-green-blue (RGB) combination is necessary. InGaN/GaN-based blue LED has good performance now-a-days. III-phosphides based red LED has also achieved good efficiency. However, with intermediary wavelengths for green spectra emission, the efficiency of devices from epitaxy grown along the commonly used (0001-Ga) direction of GaN decreases with increasing indium (In) content in the active region and this “green-gap” is the main obstacle to get phosphor-free white LEDs. Non- or semi-polar LED structures could be a solution to reduce or omit the polarization problem, however, easier growth of good crystal quality and fewer processing steps make (0001-Ga) direction growth still commercially promising. Therefore, optimized structure design to alleviate polarization and enhance optical emission from hetero-structures grown along this direction growth is still in demand. The conventional InGaN multi-quantum-well (MQW) LED structures are grown on GaN buffer and use GaN as barrier layers. However, the objective of this thesis has been to grow high In-content MQWs with InGaN barriers on a novel so called “semi-bulk” (SB) InGaN buffer. The achievement of the thesis was to simulate, grow by metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy (MOVPE) and process LED structure with high In-content in the MQW with InGaN barriers, grown on high quality “semi-bulk” InGaN buffer, that will emit in the blue to green spectra. 70 nm thick high crystal quality InGaN SB buffer was obtained with 5% In-content. On top of this, In0.15Ga0.85N/In0.05Ga0.95N MQW was grown followed by 200 nm optimized p-GaN. The room temperature IQE was 67.5% at 460 nm emission wavelength. The processed LED chips yielded turn-on voltage less than 3 V with leakage current of ~10-3 A. In0.25Ga0.75N/ In0.05Ga0.95N MQW was also realized on InGaN SB with 7% In, with emission peak at ~530 nm
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Saiful Alam. Optimisation d’hétéro-structures à multipuits quantiques InGaN sur sous-couche InGaN pour diodes electroluminescentes émettant dans le domaine spectral bleu-vert. Matériaux. Ecole Doctorale Energie-Mécanique-Matériaux, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02431758⟩

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