A cohort longitudinal study identifies morphology and hemodynamics predictors of abdominal aortic aneurysm growth

Florian Joly 1 Gilles Soulez 2 Simon Lessard 2 Claude Kauffmann 2 Irene Vignon-Clementel 3
1 MAMBA - Modelling and Analysis for Medical and Biological Applications
Inria de Paris, LJLL - Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions
3 REO - Numerical simulation of biological flows
SU - Sorbonne Université, Inria de Paris, LJLL - Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions
Abstract : Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are localized, commonly occurring aortic dilations. Following rupture only immediate treatment can prevent morbidity and mortality. AAA maximal diameter and growth are the current metrics to evaluate the associated risk and plan intervention. Although these criteria alone lack patient specificity, predicting their evolution would improve clinical decision. If the disease is known to be associated with altered morphology and blood flow, intraluminal thrombus deposit and clinical symptoms, the growth mechanisms are yet to be fully understood. In this retrospective longitudinal study of 138 scans, morphological analysis and blood flow simulations for 32 patients with clinically diagnosed AAAs and several follow-up CT-scans, are performed and compared to 9 control subjects. Several metrics stratify patients between healthy, low and high risk groups. Local correlations between hemodynamic metrics and AAA growth are also explored but due to their high inter-patient variability, do not explain AAA heterogeneous growth. Finally, high-risk predictors trained with successively clinical, morphological, hemodynamic and all data, and their link to the AAA evolution are built from supervise learning. Predictive performance is high for morphological, hemodynamic and all data, in contrast to clinical data. The morphology-based predictor exhibits an interesting effort-predictability tradeoff to be validated for clinical translation.
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Florian Joly, Gilles Soulez, Simon Lessard, Claude Kauffmann, Irene Vignon-Clementel. A cohort longitudinal study identifies morphology and hemodynamics predictors of abdominal aortic aneurysm growth. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Springer Verlag, In press, ⟨10.1007/s10439-019-02375-1⟩. ⟨hal-02302464⟩

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